Bursae are a little fluid-filled sac situated in the places that are expected to have friction. The function of the bursae is to help the muscles or tendons to glide over the bone or ligaments without having a connection in-between the action. Bursae are generally found in numerous amounts all over the body especially over the shoulders, knees, elbow, and hip where the muscle movement occurs often. Containing the fluid called synovial fluid, bursae is responsible for the tendon to move over the bone as the bursae contracts and relaxes. Bursae may or may not communicate with the joint.
There are two types of bursae in the human body. One that naturally occurs during the event of birth and one those develop over the period of time of repeated friction and pressure at a place of the incident called the adventitious bursae.
Bursitis is a disease known for the inflammation of sac structures carrying the synovial fluid lined in the synovial membrane called the bursae. It may even occur due to age as the tendons can’t tolerate or even tear easier. High-risk activities, incorrect posture, Poor stretching can also be held responsible. Types of common Bursitis occurring in knee areas are Prepatellar Bursitis, Infrapatellar Bursitis, Popliteal or Baker cyst
Causes of Bursitis
The most common way that causes is an acute or chronic infection as well the pain. Further, the cause can be scheduled to be Rheumatic Arthritis, Gout, and Osteo Arthritis on complex causes. Age is also a major factor that plays in bursitis.
Any injury caused creates an irritation that can result in inflammation of the bursae. The Bursitis isn’t a disorder that just shows up in a day or two. It takes time to evolve into a problem. The bursitis is more often created due to the over-use of the parts surrounding the bursae. Repetitive movements around the joints, tendons, muscles over the period of time may lead to bursitis. Wrong postures of exercise, Lack of stretching before entering a game and such circumstances can even play a part.
Symptoms of bursitis
Pain and swelling are the most basic symptoms in acute type of bursitis. Fever can be found when there is an infection in the bursae. The symptoms may even include the symptoms of Gout, Osteo Arthritis, and Rheumatic Arthritis. Stiffness in a movement of joints, swelling in more than one joints can also be considered being a symptom. The joint may be in its warmth when swollen. These symptoms may exist or even co-exist when infected by bursitis
Treatment for Bursitis
The general treatment measure of bursitis may include taking long rest, use of heat and cold water to apply gently over the swollen area, elevation of the limb, compression bandages. Pain-killers and anti-inflammatory medicines can be consumed. There are even more specific treatments based on the severity of the disease.
- If the person is affected by acute traumatic Bursitis; the synovial fluid or blood mixed with the synovial fluid is injected and removed using a syringe and later steroid is injected in the affected area.
- If the person is affected by the chronic type of Bursitis; the issue causing the continuous trauma is first removed or cured off, then the bursae is injected with the steroid
- If the person is affected by the infective type of bursitis; then appropriate antibiotics are provided to the person at first. If there is no improvement over the state, the bursae are removed of the synovial fluid and injected with steroid.
In case the person affected with bursitis is affected already by Gout, Osteo Arthritis, and Rheumatic Arthritis then the ongoing treatment for the following diseases is enough for the treatment. If adventitious bursa undergoes the problem; better to reduce the pressure from the joint to reduce the friction over the place.
It is advised to consult or meet a doctor if the person is suffering from the symptoms post 48 hrs.