Elbow fracture for children is classified into two types and they are a fracture of lateral condyle of the humorous and the supracondylar fracture which happens for most of the children. Over here we will be learning about the lateral condyle in detail.
The lateral condyle in children occurs when they fall by accident and put some excessive pressure which leads to a force in that particular part of the body which results in the wedge in joint. The lateral collateral part of the joint becomes taut and pulls the lateral condyle part of the elbow and thus resulting in the fracture.
This type of fracture is classified into three types on the basis on the side of the damage which is as follows
- In the first type, the place between the separated joint and the cracked part is separated by a distance of 2mm and this is just a minor thing when considered as a fracture.
- Then there is type 2 where the separation gap is more than 2mm and can some severe pain in this case.
- In type 3, there will be a rotation of bone fragment and can cause severe pain and it is the most serious one among all.
There are certain symptoms which can say that there is a fracture in the joint and the symptoms are
First and foremost, symptom of the fracture is the swelling and the inability move a certain part of the elbow. In the case of mildly displaced fracture, the pain can be managed and in case of a serious fracture the pain can be serious and it cannot be taken as the symptoms are very dangerous. If the above-mentioned symptom is found in the body, it can be termed as a sprain in the body.
How to diagnose this fracture?
This can be confirmed by taking an elbow x-ray. In the case of the children, a normal x-ray would be required to compare with a normal one and the fractured one. The comparison is needed because for children the bones are very cartilaginous and a clear image cannot be found in an x-ray alone.
So what treatment can be done to resolve this fracture?
In general, the fracture is treated in three ways and they are
- If the tear is small, the fractured area can be immobilized and can be left as such for some period of time in a plastic splint.
- Another commonly used method is done by treating it on a surgical basis.
- In another method, the fracture is cured in a surgical method and later it is corrected by stabilizing it with a stainless-steel wire.
The type three fracture is the most dangerous among all and if it happens it should be treated with the utmost care.
If it is not treated with care, the cracks which have been occurred due to the fracture can be later become severe and can cause several issues. If the cracked parts of the bone fail to unite with the parts it is called non-union.
In some cases, there are children for whom the hand is dislocated and it tends to create an inward tilt and can cause limitation of the motion of hands. The blood supply can also stop if the fractured part is not treated with care.